6 Pelvic Floor Problems & How to Overcome Them

6 Pelvic Floor Problems & How to Overcome Them

Posted on March 6th, 2024

The pelvic floor is a vital yet often overlooked part of women's health, playing a crucial role in supporting pelvic organs, maintaining urinary and fecal continence, enhancing sexual function, facilitating childbirth, and promoting core stability. 

However, many women experience pelvic floor problems at some point in their lives, ranging from urinary incontinence and pelvic pain to pelvic organ prolapse and sexual dysfunction. These issues can significantly impact quality of life and overall well-being. 

Understanding pelvic floor problems is essential for seeking timely intervention and effective management. 

In this blog post, we'll explore six common pelvic floor problems and how pelvic physical therapy can provide targeted solutions to alleviate symptoms, restore function, and improve women's overall health and quality of life.

The Vital Role of the Pelvic Floor

The pelvic floor plays a pivotal role in women's health, serving as a foundation for various bodily functions and supporting essential organs. Understanding the significance of the pelvic floor is crucial for recognizing the importance of maintaining its health and function. 

Here are some key reasons why the pelvic floor is vital:

  • Supports Pelvic Organs: The pelvic floor provides crucial support for pelvic organs such as the bladder, uterus, and rectum. Strong pelvic floor muscles help keep these organs in their proper place, preventing prolapse and other issues.
  • Maintains Urinary and Fecal Continence: Healthy pelvic floor muscles contribute to urinary and fecal continence by providing control over bladder and bowel function. Strong pelvic floor muscles help prevent urinary leakage and fecal incontinence, promoting continence and confidence.
  • Enhances Sexual Function: The pelvic floor plays a role in sexual function by contributing to arousal, sensation, and orgasm. Optimal pelvic floor muscle tone and coordination can enhance sexual pleasure and satisfaction.
  • Facilitates Childbirth: During childbirth, the pelvic floor stretches to accommodate the passage of the baby through the birth canal. Strong and flexible pelvic floor muscles support the birthing process, reducing the risk of trauma and promoting a smoother delivery.
  • Promotes Core Stability: The pelvic floor is an integral part of the core musculature, working in conjunction with the abdominal and back muscles to provide stability and support for the spine and pelvis. A strong and stable core is essential for posture, balance, and overall movement efficiency.

Recognizing the vital role of the pelvic floor underscores the importance of maintaining its health and function. Now, let's explore common pelvic floor problems and effective ways to overcome them.

6 Pelvic Floor Problems & Solutions

Pelvic floor problems can significantly impact women's health and quality of life, but effective solutions are available to address these issues. Let's explore six common pelvic floor problems and discover solutions to overcome them.

1. Urinary Incontinence

Urinary incontinence, characterized by involuntary urine leakage, can be distressing and embarrassing. It can result from weakened pelvic floor muscles, childbirth, menopause, or other factors. Fortunately, there are several solutions to manage urinary incontinence:

  • Pelvic Floor Exercises: Strengthening the pelvic floor muscles through Kegel exercises can improve bladder control and reduce urinary leakage.
  • Bladder Training: Gradually increasing the time between bathroom trips can help train the bladder to hold urine for longer periods.
  • Lifestyle Modifications: Avoiding caffeine, alcohol, and spicy foods, maintaining a healthy weight, and staying hydrated can help manage urinary incontinence.

2. Pelvic Pain

Pelvic pain can be debilitating, affecting daily activities and quality of life. It may stem from muscle tension, nerve irritation, or underlying medical conditions. 

Solutions for pelvic pain include:

  • Manual Therapy: Gentle manipulation of pelvic muscles and connective tissues can alleviate muscle tension and reduce pain.
  • Relaxation Techniques: Techniques such as deep breathing, mindfulness, and progressive muscle relaxation can help relax pelvic muscles and alleviate pain.
  • Pelvic Floor Exercises: Strengthening and stretching exercises tailored to address specific areas of muscle tension can help alleviate pelvic pain.

3. Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Pelvic organ prolapse occurs when pelvic organs, such as the bladder, uterus, or rectum, descend into the vaginal canal due to weakened pelvic floor support. 

Solutions for pelvic organ prolapse include:

  • Pelvic Floor Exercises: Strengthening the pelvic floor muscles can provide additional support for prolapsed organs and reduce symptoms.
  • Pessary Use: A pessary, a device inserted into the vagina to support prolapsed organs, can alleviate symptoms and improve pelvic organ support.
  • Surgical Intervention: In severe cases, surgical procedures may be necessary to repair pelvic floor tissues and restore pelvic organ support.

4. Dyspareunia

Dyspareunia, or pain during sexual intercourse, can strain intimate relationships and negatively impact overall well-being. 

Solutions for dyspareunia include:

  • Pelvic Floor Relaxation Techniques: Learning to relax pelvic floor muscles through breathing exercises and relaxation techniques can alleviate pain during intercourse.
  • Physical Therapy: Pelvic physical therapy can address underlying factors contributing to dyspareunia, such as muscle tension or scar tissue, through manual therapy and exercises.
  • Lubricants: Using water-based lubricants can reduce friction and discomfort during intercourse, improving sexual comfort and enjoyment.

5. Pelvic Floor Muscle Dysfunction

Pelvic floor muscle dysfunction can manifest as weakness, tightness, or coordination problems, leading to various pelvic floor symptoms. 

Solutions for pelvic floor muscle dysfunction include:

  • Pelvic Floor Exercises: Targeted exercises to strengthen and coordinate pelvic floor muscles can improve muscle function and alleviate symptoms.
  • Biofeedback Training: Biofeedback techniques can help individuals learn to control and coordinate pelvic floor muscles more effectively.
  • Electrical Stimulation: Electrical stimulation therapy can help strengthen pelvic floor muscles and improve muscle function.

6. Pelvic Floor Disorders in Pregnancy

Pregnancy can exacerbate pelvic floor problems or contribute to the development of new ones due to hormonal changes, increased pressure on pelvic structures, and childbirth trauma. 

Solutions for pelvic floor disorders in pregnancy include:

  • Prenatal Pelvic Physical Therapy: Pelvic physical therapy during pregnancy can help maintain pelvic floor health, prepare for childbirth, and address emerging issues.
  • Kegel Exercises: Regular practice of Kegel exercises during pregnancy can strengthen pelvic floor muscles and improve pelvic support.
  • Postpartum Rehabilitation: Postpartum pelvic physical therapy can promote healing, restore pelvic floor function, and prevent long-term complications following childbirth.


Pelvic floor problems can significantly impact women's health and quality of life, but effective solutions are available to address them. From urinary incontinence and pelvic pain to pelvic organ prolapse and postpartum recovery, pelvic physical therapy offers personalized care and support to help women overcome these challenges. 

At Lotus Physical Therapy for Women, PLLC, we specialize in providing comprehensive physical therapy services tailored to address pelvic floor issues and promote overall wellness. 

Get in Touch Now!

If you're experiencing pelvic floor problems, don't hesitate to reach out to us for compassionate and effective care. Contact us at (845) 517-5100 or email us at [email protected] to schedule an appointment and take the first step towards reclaiming your health and well-being.

How Can I Help You?

Feel free to reach out to me if you have any questions, inquiries, or if you're ready to embark on a journey towards improved well-being. Your path to holistic health and vitality starts here. I am here to provide you with personalized guidance, answer your queries, and assist you in taking the next steps on your transformative journey.